Origin: New Zealand, a chance seedling of Lady Hamilton
Harvesting: 25 September - 5 October, 1 week before Granny Smith
Fruits: medium to large fruit, very heavy with elongate, cylindrical shape; nice red color, streaked, smooth skin, the color can vary between orange and red on yellow base; firm, crisp and very juicy flesh, sweet taste, good sour-sweet balance, very nice flavor.
Not very suitable for cold storage, for this purpose fruits must be picked slightly unripe
Harvesting: end of September - beginning of October
Fruits: medium large to large, spherical - conical to spherical - flat shape, commonly with asymmetric halves; the main color is yellow-green, and the covering - fuzzy, red to dark red stripes covering almost the whole fruit; moderate wax coating; the flesh is creamy, crispy, juicy, sweet, slightly sour, fragrant, with very good quality.
Well toleratå handling and transportation, storage ability - about one month better than the Golden Delicious variety.
Harvesting: ripens in mid - late September, one week after Golden Delicious
Fruits: medium-sized with fairly elongate shape; basic green color of the shaded half that turns gold at full maturity; flat, slightly wavy skin with large bright spots; white, firm, crisp and very juicy flesh with ā sour not very sweet taste, aromatic; the fruit is fully ripe and ready to eat approximately 1 month after harvest.
Fruits must be harvested and transported carefully; they do not wrinkle during storage, as well as during cold storage that can extend up to 8-9 months.
Fruits: medium large to large, spherical-cone with a regular shape, intense green color, sometimes with slight reddish brown blush; the flesh is whitish, firm, juicy, sweet - sourly, pleasantly refreshing, with good to very good quality; tolerate handling and transport very well.
4-5 months storage under normal conditions, and refrigerated - 6-7 months.
Origin: USA, a hybrid between Jonathan and Golden delicious
Harvesting: late September-early October, at two stages at least
Fruits: large, globe shape, with yellow-red color; creamy, crispy and juicy flesh with very good sweet-sour taste and wonderful flavor; very good taste quality. Fruits require careful handling in harvesting and transport.
Storage about 3 months in normal conditions and in cold - about 6 months.
Fruits: medium large to large, slightly elongate shape; the skin of the fruit is thick, painted red to dark red with pale pink stripes and numerous white visible spots with an average size; the flesh is firm, juicy, crispy with a sweet-sour taste, fine flavor
Origin: Canada. This variety is hybrid between McIntosh and Golden Delicious
Harvesting: late August, early September
Fruits: medium large, tall conical shape, beautiful dark red color and discernible white spots; a crisp, white flesh with wonderful sweet-sour taste and fine flavor, smooth skin that can be greasy; storage ability - fairly short and weak; characterized as one of the best summer varieties
Fruits: large to very large ( about 270 gr.), rounded conical shape, yellow-green color; sweet - slightly sour flesh, aromatic with very good quality; fruits harvested green will develop satisfactory yellowing after a few months storage; resistant to diseases, susceptible to Powdery mildew and Apple Scab; susceptible to winter colds
Fruits: large, elongated, asymmetric; thin skin with dark purple-blue color with numerous spots and heavy coating; greenish-yellow flesh, thick, juicy, slightly sour with a specific flavor and good taste quality; semi-to completely separating from the stone which is very large
Fruits: large (30-40gr), egg shaped, with blue color; the flesh is green-yellow, juicy, sweet-sour taste with very good quality; the stone is small and easily separates from the flesh; well tolerates transportation
Ripening period: late season - early to mid September
Characteristics: moderately vigorous vine, extremely high fertility; grains are elliptical, large, nice dyed in blue-black color, sharp with expressed wax layer; thin, tough crispy skin; juicy, slightly crispy pulp with sweet harmonious taste and specific flavor; it is advisable to grow on rocky slopes, dry and with good exposure.
Very delicate variety, susceptible to Powdery mildew, Excoriose, Black rot, Gray mold, grape moth, mites, wasps, cicads, etc., relatively stable to drought and cold; this variety is mostly used in a blend for recent consumption (as young wines); production of less alcoholic wine, poor in acids and color; also suitable for fresh consumption.
Ripening period: mid-late season, two weeks after Shasselas
Characteristics: a vigorous vine that produces medium-sized, compact clusters; it has very large berries (25mm), round, bluish purple - black coloured; the flesh is firm with seeds; a neutral flavor, but also lacking in acidity; quite tasteless, medium gustative potential; slight flavored, thick skin; tolerates well transportation and storage; tendency to millerandage and bad flower discharge, therefore the pruning should be short; very high fertility.
The vine is low sensitive to Botrytis, resistant to Mildew, very sensitive to Excoriose and sometimes to cracking; prefers warm climate.
Origin: a cross between Red Flame (Flame Tokay) and Ribier developed in USA
Ripening period: early season
Characteristics: moderately vigorous vine, very fertile; cylindrical bunch, somewhat conic and loose; large, round berries, coloured red cherry to deep violet-red when mature with thick, crunchy skin; crispy and tasty pulp quite sweet, noticeable (large) seeds - 2-3 pips per grape; very delicate variety, thus it does not withstand handling or transportation well; good cold storage ability; needs early thinning and bunch trimming, allows short pruning, requires potassium; the skin may crack if it rains before harvesting time.
The vine is resistant to drought, it adapts well to less fertile soils; it does not mature properly in humid regions; very sensitive to Oidium.
Origin: Italy, a hybrid between Bicane and Hamburg Muscatel
Ripening period: four weeks after Chasselas, moderately late season (late September)
Characteristics: moderately vigorous vine, high fertility; large, tapered pyramid-shaped bunches; large elliptical berries with a lovely golden yellow color slightly pink blush in full maturity; thick skin, consistent, crisp and sweet pulp with a delicate muscatel flavor; prefers mild to warm climate, it does not tolerate high temperature differences; little sensitivity to millerandage.
The variety withstands handling and transportation quite well; suitable for preservation under low temperatures and for storage.
Origin: a clone obtained by pollinating the varieties Alexandria Muscat and Frankental in Italy
Ripening period: mid-season, early September (2-3 weeks after Shasselas)
Characteristics: vines are characterized with moderate growth and high fertility; medium-sized bunch, branched, often very loosy; medium to large grains with oval shape and purple-black, tough skin with markable wax layer; pulp is firm, juicy and distinct muscatel flavor.
The variety is susceptible to diseases and pests (often attacked by Oidium), relatively resistant to Gray mold and to to low winter temperatures; travels quite satisfactorily; suits cool and hot climates, popular for home gardening.
Characteristics: attractive appearance and excellent flavor; large, elliptical grapes, with a medium-thickness peel and golden yellow color; large, elongate, pyramid-shaped or cylindrical bunches; crisp, sweet pulp with a neutral flavor; generally each grape contains two pips.
The variety stores well, fairly resistant to handling; avoid sharp temperature changes during storage.
Origin: it`s assumed that this variety originates from Iran
Ripening period: mid to late September
Characteristics: very vigorous vine, prone to extension and thinning, satisfactory fertility; bunches are medium-sized, cylindrical-conical with an average density and mass of around 180-230 g; grains are small (average weight 2.75 - 3.52 g.) oval, seedless, yellow-green colored, when ripe - golden-amber; skin is thin, crisp and pellucid, pulp is fleshy, crispy, with a pleasant sweet taste.
The vines are susceptible to low temperatures and drought, not resistant to Îidium, relatively resistant to Gray mildew.
Origin: a cross between Waltham Cross and Cardinal and originates from Romania
Ripening period: early maturing, late July - early August
Characteristics: bunches are large, cylindrical-conical; very large grains / 11 gr. approx. / oval-oblong shape, with seeds / 2-3 in grain /, green-yellow colored to amber-bronze at full ripen; the flesh is dense and meaty with a pleasant sweet taste.
The variety tolerates well transportation and handling.
Origin: North Africa, the name is probably derived from its association with Ancient Egyptians who used the grape for wine making
Ripening period: late mature
Characteristics: bunch is medium to large, conical, branched, very lax; grains are medium sized to large, round and oval, yellow-green colored, at full maturity - yellow, opaque with brown tan; thick peel; fleshy and juicy inside; a harmonious and pleasant muscatel flavor; grapes sustain transportation and storage; except for direct consumption it is used for production of grape juice, compotes and raisins.
The vine thrives in a hot climate and is particularly sensitive to colds during its blooming season.